Indian musical instruments have a very important place in the traditional and classical songs and sitar is one of them. Sitar is considered as one of the main musical instruments in the North Indian songs and has been a central part in the Hindustani classical music from the middle ages. Perhaps there is no other Indian musical instrument like Sitar that has got such a global recognition everywhere.
This is an ancient instrument that was derived and altered from another instrument, Veena. A well recognized ancient musician, Tanseen seem to have a role in the discovery of the Sitar. He was believed to be a Tanpora player back in the 16th and 17th centuries and the design of the present day Sitar seemed to be inspired from the Tanpura.
The beautiful melody or the music that comes out from the Sitar is mainly due to the strings from 21 to 23 and it is the Jawari that commands the tone and the tune to be delivered.